Hemorrhoids: Causes and Treatment Options

Suffering from Hemorrhoids can be problematic as it can interfere your social life, work, and family. In Hemorrhoids, you can have a burning and itching in the anus that can make you feel uncomfortable. The problem of Hemorrhoids has become common. According to National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases over 75% people will experience a hemorrhoid flare-up at some point in their lives. Hemorrhoids are common in adults of 45 to 65 age. It is also common among pregnant women. Many people seek the help of colorectal surgeon for treating their hemorrhoids.

Common Causes of Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are caused due to the swelling in the anal or rectal veins. Here are few causes that may lead to swelling:

  • Lack of fiber in the diet
  • Diarrhea
  • Prolonged sitting
  • Constipation
  • Weakened connective tissues in the anus and rectum
  • Straining during bowel movements

Pregnancy and extra body weight can also cause hemorrhoids by increasing pressure in the abdomen.

Treatment Options for Hemorrhoids

The treatment options may vary for internal and external hemorrhoids.

External hemorrhoids: They can be managed with fiber rich diet, warm baths, and hemorrhoid cream. Based on the severity of pain in external hemorrhoids, the colorectal surgeon may suggest office procedures or an outpatient surgery as well.

Internal hemorrhoids: They can be treated with proper intake of fiber rich food and water. The surgeon might suggest office based procedures or surgery to treat internal hemorrhoids.

Office Procedures

Rubber band ligation: This procedure involves placement of a special rubber band around the hemorrhoid which will cut off the blood circulation. This will cause hemorrhoid to shrink. Patients might feel uncomfortable for a while. This procedure must be done by the colon and rectal surgeon only.

Sclerotherapy:  In sclerotherapy, the surgeon injects a chemical solution (5% phenol and olive oil) into the blood vessels to shrink hemorrhoid.

Infrared coagulation: In this method, heat is used to shrink the hemorrhoid tissue.

If your hemorrhoids are responding to the procedures mentioned above, then your surgeon might suggest you a surgical treatment. Following are three surgical treatment options for hemorrhoid:

If you are suffering from hemorrhoid and want to get the best treatment, then visit the office of Dr. Karen Zaghiyan. She is one of the most efficient colorectal surgeons in Los Angeles. Contact her today and schedule an appointment.


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