Surgery is the standard treatment option for colorectal cancer. Depending on the situation, your physician may suggest you minimally invasive surgery including laparoscopy and robotic surgery.
Advantages of Minimally Invasive Surgery
- Some significant benefits that minimally invasive surgery offers are shorter hospital stays, faster recovery, smaller incisions, less complications, and decreased postoperative pain.
- In addition to this, robotic approach provides more precise dissection which helps in removing tumor effectively while reducing the risk of nerve damage.
- Minimally invasive surgery takes the same time as the standard open approaches.
The Laparoscopic Approach
In Laparoscopy, your surgeon will insert a fibre-optic instrument through the abdominal wall to view theabdomen and pelvis without making large incisions. In a standard laparoscopic colorectal surgery, patients usually get two to three small incisions of 1 centimeter and one large incision of 4-5 centimeters near the belly button. In single-incision laparoscopic surgery, only one incision is required at the belly button.
In robotic colorectal surgery, one large and four small incisions are needed to remove the specimen. In robotic-assisted surgery, a magnified, HD, 3D camera and robotic instruments are used that bend and move like human wrist into the abdominal cavity. Your surgeon will control the robot from a console from a seated position. The system will translate the hand, wrist and finger movements of the colorectal surgeon into the precise movements of robotic instruments that are inserted into the patient.
As compared to standard laparoscopic instruments, the robotic instruments offer increased dexterity, motion, and articulation. This state-of-the-art surgical option overcomes the limitations of laparoscopic and traditional surgery.
Which Surgical Option is Suitable for You?
It is your colon and rectal surgeon who can suggest you best treatment option after considering all the aspects and current situation. If you are diagnosed with colorectal cancer, make sure you ask your physician if you are the right candidate for robotic surgery or not. Though minimally invasive techniques are helpful, yet the majority of colorectal surgeons in the United States use traditional or standard open incisions. It is important for you to choose a reputable colorectal surgeon in your local area who is specialized in robotic-assisted surgery.