Colon cancer is one of the common diseases that hit 50 year or above age group people. Over 90% deaths from colorectal cancer occur in people of 50 years and above age. The colon cancer is more common among men, and the ideal age for diagnosis is 69 in men and 73 in women. However, how would you know that you are suffering from colon cancer? Following are some prominent signs of having colorectal cancer:
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Weight loss
- Change in the consistency of stool
- Rectal bleeding
- Abdominal discomfort
If you have got any of the above-mentioned symptoms for a longer time, then make sure you visit the colorectal surgeon. Check with your doctor when you should start the screening for colon cancer. Generally, the screenings are recommended at the age of 50 years. Based on your condition, your surgeon may suggest earlier screening as well.
If you are diagnosed with colorectal cancer, then you should not get panic. There are treatment options available to cure cancer. The treatment is subject to the stages of cancer.
Treatment for Stage 1 Colorectal Cancer
In the early stage, cancer has grown but has not spread outside of the colon wall. In this stage, the cancer is treated with a surgery and no additional therapy is required. Approximately 95% of patients are cured with surgery only.
Treatment for Stage 2 Colorectal Cancer
In stage 2, cancer has grown through the colon wall and may affect the nearby tissue but has not extended to lymph nodes. For this stage of cancer, surgery is needed, and radiation therapy may also be needed for treating rectal cancers. Your colorectal surgeon may recommend additional treatments as well.
Treatment for Stage 3 Colorectal Cancer
In stage 3 cancer has grown to lymph nodes however it has not reached to the other body parts. Surgery with chemotherapy is the ideal treatment for Stage 3 colorectal cancer. Based on the location and size of the tumor, your surgeon may suggest radiation therapy as well.
Treatment for Stage 4 Colorectal Cancer
In the 4th stage, cancer has reached to different organs and tissues. Based on the extent of the tumor, your surgeon may suggest chemotherapy along with surgery and radiation therapy.
It is important to find a reliable and trustworthy colorectal surgeon in Los Angeles with whom you can discuss your health condition and treatment options without any hesitation. If you are based in Los Angeles, then consult Dr. Karen Zaghiyan today!